Indigenous Liberal MP breaks ranks with government on B.C.'s Site C dam
An indigenous member of the federal Liberal caucus is breaking ranks with his colleagues on B.C.'s controversial Site C project, saying he is not convinced that two First Nations were properly consulted about the multibillion-dollar hydroelectric project.
Robert-Falcon Ouellette, MP for Winnipeg Centre, said Tuesday he still has questions about a July decision by the Fisheries and Oceans Department authorizing construction of the dam on the Peace River.
Ouellette said he plans to raise the issue with Fisheries Minister Dominic LeBlanc when Parliament resumes next week.
"I'm hoping I will ... find some reasoning behind this decision and why it was made," he said in an interview with The Canadian Press.
"I'm not convinced that, after having spoken with some of the people who were travelling across the country, that they have been consulted and talked to and I'm not sure even that we meet the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples."
Ouellette's comments come after British Columbia First Nations leaders and activists condemned the federal government's approach to the Site C dam project during a Tuesday rally on Parliament Hill.
The group travelled by bus to Ottawa from B.C., making stops along the way to raise awareness about their opposition to the project that would create an 83-kilometre-long reservoir and flood farmland along with traditional First Nations territory.
The Fisheries Department maintains the July permit approval followed "extensive First Nations consultations."
"I recognize that there are those opposed to the B.C. Hydro clean energy project at Site C, but I also know that the regulatory process leading to the recent authorization to proceed was thorough and included comprehensive consultations with indigenous groups and other stakeholders," LeBlanc said in a statement.
"The authorization also includes more than 40 conditions that must be adhered to by B.C. Hydro and our department will be monitoring compliance every step of the way."
West Moberly First Nations Chief Roland Willson said Tuesday he strongly disagrees with the suggestion his community was appropriately consulted with prior to the approval.
LeBlanc held a meeting in Vancouver only days prior to the department's decision, he added, noting the Liberals could have held off on an authorization while courts hear legal challenges on the project.
"It was well within their power to push the pause button on this until the court cases were done — they chose to ignore that," Willson said. "The one-hour meeting that we had — how does that constitute consultation?"
The federal government has also failed to explain its reasoning for approving the permit or respond to any additional questions, he said.
"We offered an olive branch and they took it and stabbed us in the face," Willson said earlier Tuesday at the rally.
Charlie Angus, the NDP's indigenous affairs critic, questioned why the Tuesday demonstration was necessary, given the federal government's commitment to a nation-to-nation relationship with indigenous peoples.
"If it is before the courts, then why the hell did you sign those permits? That's the question," Angus said on the steps of Parliament Hill.
Assembly of First Nations National Chief Perry Bellegarde went as far as to say the federal government's approach to the Site C dam project in British Columbia is neither in keeping with the Constitution nor with the UN declaration on indigenous rights.
"There's indigenous peoples buried throughout that valley so you're disrespecting inherent rights, you're disrespecting treaty rights," Bellegarde said during an interview with The Canadian Press last week.
Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould, who was outspoken in her opposition to Site C as a B.C. regional chief for the Assembly of First Nations, has also declined to comment on her current views on the project.
In 2012, she said the project ran "roughshod" over indigenous rights.
"She paddled with us on the Peace River," Willson said. "I don't believe she's choosing not to speak. I believe she's been told, 'You have to toe the Liberal line'."
Site C is strongly supported by B.C. Premier Christy Clark, who says it will be a source of affordable and clean power for more than 100 years.